What is a Callus?

Calluses develop from a buildup of dead skin cells that become thick and hard on the foot. Usually found on either the heel, the ball of the foot, or inside the big toe, calluses develop as a result of excessive rubbing and pressure. Calluses that have a deep-seated core known as a nucleation are called Intractable Plantar Keratosis.

What causes Calluses?

Some of the most common reasons people develop calluses are:

  • Obesity
  • Deterioration of the fat pad located on the bottom of the foot
  • Wearing high heeled shoes
  • Wearing shoes that do not fit properly
  • Flat feet
  • High arched feet

What treatments are available?
When treating a callused foot, do not cut or trim them with a razor blade. This will only make the condition worses and is particularly dangerous for those with diabetes. The best thing to do is wear an orthotic that has been fitted for you by your podiatrist. They will redistribute your weight to relive the pressure being placed on your callus.

If you are experiencing swelling, inflammation, discharge, or pain, your toenail is probably infected and you should seek the treatment of a podiatrist. He or she may trim or remove the infected nail with a minor surgical procedure.